The changes in the cover and use of the surface of the Earth depend on natural processes, and are – at the same time – shaped by demographic, economic, cultural, political, and technological drivers. A land-use/cover model can help in understanding and interpreting the complexities and the interactions between the bio-physical and human systems which are at the basis of land dynamics.
Based upon the innovative concept of ‘Dynamic Land Functions’, the Land-Use-based Integrated Sustainability Assessment Modelling Platform (LUISA – formerly referred to as LUMP) has been developed by the Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) to support the policy needs of different services of the European Commission, such as the exploration of future policies and impact assessments of specific proposals. LUISA aims to provide a comprehensive, consistent and harmonised analysis of the impacts of, and responses to, environmental and socio-economic changes in Europe.
As part of the definition, implementation and review of EU policies, legislation and other measures, the European Commission performs impact assessments to examine potential economic, social and environmental consequences and evaluate options and improve the effectiveness of the EU action.
The Land-Use-Based Integrated Sustainability Assessment (LUISA) modelling platform supports the policy design of different services of the European Commission and provides a comprehensive, consistent and harmonised analysis of the impacts of policies and/or specific proposals.
LUISA is based upon the notion of land function – a new concept for cross-sector integration and for representing complex system dynamics. LUISA aims to contribute to the understanding, modelling and assessment of the impacts of land functions dynamics as they interact from local to global scales in the context of multiple and changing drivers. A land function can be physical (e.g. related to hydrology or topography), ecological (e.g. related to landscape or phenology), as well as social (e.g. related to housing or recreation), economic (e.g. related to employment or production or to an infrastructural asset) or political (e.g. consequence of policy decisions). Each function is temporally dynamic and attributed to one or more land use/cover classes, depending on the context of the system under study. This is notably a wider notion of just “land use modelling” and of what so far has been referred to in literature.
The workflow of the Land-Use based Integrated Sustainability Assessment Modelling platform is below given.
The Land-Use based Integrated Sustainability Assessment Modelling platform is a de-facto integrative tool because of its coherent linkages with macroeconomic and biophysical models and with thematic databases. The ultimate product of LUISA is a set of territorial indicators that can be grouped and combined according to the ‘function’ of interest and/or to the sector under assessment.
Contributions have already been provided by its predecessor LUMP (Land use modelling platform) in the Impact Assessments (formal and informal) related to CAP, Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Regional Policy, Energy (shale gas and energy package), EU Water Blueprint, and Resource Efficiency Roadmap.
One of the major milestones in the LUISA development plan is the implementation of a shared EC baseline scenario. The shared baseline scenario includes the full scope of relevant policies assuring coherence among them since it should inform on future prospects in all sectoral domains that are affected by EU policies. Because of its benchmark function, the correct definition and implementation of such a baseline scenario is essential to correctly evaluate EC proposals.
The medium/long term objective is the complete establishment and operation of the “Integrated Sustainability Assessment Platform” whereby models, methods of assessment and databases are further dynamically integrated, in a coherent framework.
• Jacobs C, Rietveld P, Koomen E. The impact of spatial aggregation on urban development analyses. APPLIED GEOGRAPHY 47; 2014. p. 46-56. JRC86608
• Mubareka S, Estreguil C, Lavalle C, Baranzelli C, Rocha Gomes C, Hofer B. A land-use based modelling chain to assess the impacts of Natural Water Retention Measures on Europe’s Green Infrastructure. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SCIENCE 27 (9); 2013. p. 1740–1763. JRC79529
• Batista E Silva F, Gallego Pinilla F, Lavalle C. A high resolution population grid map for Europe. JOURNAL OF MAPS 9 (1); 2013. p. 16-28. JRC78403
• Mubareka S, Maes J, Lavalle C, De Roo A. Estimation of Water Requirements by Livestock in Europe. ECOSYSTEM SERVICES 4; 2013. p. 139-145. JRC79600
• Lavalle C, Lopes Barbosa A, Mubareka S, Jacobs C, Baranzelli C, Perpiña Castillo C. Land Use Related Indicators for Resource Efficiency – Part I Land Take Assessment An analytical framework for assessment of the land milestone proposed in the road map for resource efficiency. EUR 26083. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; 2013. JRC81897
• Batista E Silva F, Lavalle C, Jacobs C, Ribeiro Barranco R, Zulian G, Maes J, Baranzelli C, Perpiña Castillo C, Vandecasteele I, Ustaoglu E, Lopes Barbosa A, Mubareka S. Direct and Indirect Land Use Impacts of the EU Cohesion Policy. Assessment with the Land Use Modelling Platform. EUR 26460. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; 2013. JRC87823
• Baranzelli C, Vandecasteele I, Batista E Silva F, Rojas Mujica R, Lavalle C. Implementation of the IPCC SRES Scenario A1B with the Land Use Modelling Platform – Contribution to the JRC PESETA II project. EUR 26463. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; 2013. JRC87914
• Lavalle C, Baranzelli C, Vandecasteele I, Ribeiro Barranco R, Mari Rivero I, Sala S, Perez Ballesta P, Borowiak A, De Roo A, Field R, Burek P, Gawlik B, Pelletier N. Spatially-resolved Assessment of Land and Water Use Scenarios for Shale Gas Development: Poland and Germany. EUR 26085. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; 2013. JRC83619
• Batista E Silva F, Lavalle C. Exploring the feasibility of applying the Land Use Modelling Platform outside the EU. Preliminary estimates of the global demand for urban land. EUR 26429. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; 2013. JRC87695
• Batista E Silva F, Poelman H, Martens V, Lavalle C. Population estimation for the Urban Atlas Polygons. EUR 26437. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; 2013. JRC87300
• Lavalle C, Mubareka S, Perpiña Castillo C, Jacobs C, Baranzelli C, Batista E Silva F, Vandecasteele I. (2013). Configuration of a reference scenario for the land use modelling platform. EUR 26050. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publication Office of the European Union. JRC80684
• Lung T, Lavalle C, Hiederer R, Dosio A, Bouwer L. (2013). A multi-hazard regional level impact assessment for Europe combining indicators of climatic and non-climatic change. GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE-HUMAN AND POLICY DIMENSIONS 23 (2). p. 522-536. JRC82302
• Batista e Silva, F (2011): Land Function: origin and evolution of the concept, Cadernos de Geografia, Universidade do Porto, Portugal.
• Lavalle C., Baranzelli C., Mubareka S., Rocha Gomes C., Hiederer R., Batista E Silva F., Estreguil C. (2011). Implementation of the CAP Policy Options with the Land Use Modelling Platform – A first indicator-based analysis – EUR 24909 EN. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union. JRC66060.
• Lung T, Dosio A, Becker W, Lavalle C, Bouwer L. (2013). Assessing the influence of climate model uncertainty on EU-wide climate change impact indicators. Climatic Change 120 (1-2), p. 211-227. JRC82304
• Lavalle C., Rocha Gomes C., Baranzelli C., Batista E Silva F. (2011). Coastal Zones – Policy alternatives impacts on European Coastal Zones 2000 – 2050. EUR 24792 EN. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; JRC64456.
• Lavalle C., Baranzelli C., Batista e Silva F., Mubareka S., Rocha Gomes C., Koomen E., Hilferink M. (2011). A high resolution land use/cover modelling framework for Europe. ICCSA 2011, Part I, LNCS 6782, pp. 60–75.
• Mubareka S., Koomen E., Estreguil C., Lavalle C. (2011). Development of a composite index of urban compactness for land use modelling applications. Landscape and Urban Planning 103; 303– 317. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.08.012.
• Burek P, Mubareka S, Rojas Mujica R, De Roo A, Bianchi A, Baranzelli C, Lavalle C, Vandecasteele I. (2012). Evaluation of the effectiveness of Natural Water Retention Measures – Support to the EU Blueprint to Safeguard Europe’s Waters . EUR 25551 EN. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union. JRC75938
• De Roo A, Burek P, Gentile A, Udias A, Bouraoui F, Aloe A, Bianchi A, La Notte A, Kuik O, Elorza Tenreiro J, Vandecasteele I, Mubareka S, Baranzelli C, Van Der Perk M, Lavalle C, Bidoglio G. (2012). A multi-criteria optimisation of scenarios for the protection of water resources in Europe: Support to the EU Blueprint to Safeguard Europe’s Waters. EUR 25552 EN. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union. JRC75919